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Pima College Adult Education
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Resources for Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

Level I - Function 8
Cautions: warns.

Supporting Grammar
Modal auxiliaries; adverbs of frequency; future tense.


Classroom Activity 1: Things to be warned about in Arizona. Be careful, never put your hand in a dark place etc. you may/can be bitten/stung. (Use a picture dictionary to identify poisonous animals and insects). If you stay outside in the hot sun always drink a lot of water or you might get sick. Never get too close to cactus as they might hurt you with their prickly spines. Never drive through washes when they’re running as you may get swept away. Always walk with another person at night, especially if you’re female, as you might be attacked. Never drive if you’ve had too much to drink or you may have an accident and hurt someone or you might be arrested. 

Computer Activity 1: Poison Center. Click on Poison and Drug Information Center, in red at top of page. Click on venomous creatures. Give students a scenario where they’ve been bitten or stung by a venomous critter and they have to find out what the symptoms and first aid are. A simple multiple choice or fill-in-the-blank handout could be given for both symptoms and first aid.

Classroom Activity 2: You’re going on vacation to tropical South America. What are the dos and don’ts of staying healthy? Go over what students will read in computer activity.

Computer Activity 2Center for Disease Control. Click on "Staying Healthy During Your Trip." Read and fill-in-the-blank worksheet. You can make it future: You are going to go on vacation to tropical South America. What are you going to do to stay healthy? Take the worksheet back to class and change the imperatives to adverbs of frequency. For example, “Drink only...” changes to “Always drink".

Classroom Activity 3: Print off the 2 stories from computer activity 3 and study in the classroom. The stories are a warning to always read medicine labels carefully. You will find should in the story. Then go to Reading the Label. Scroll down to "Reading the Label: The Key To Proper Medicine Use. Print it for use in the classroom. Students will find information on labeling over- the- counter- medicines. There are modal auxiliaries and adverbs of frequency. Discuss in class, then students can make a list of what they should be careful about when using over-the-counter medicines. They can also find the sentence that the character in The Right Dose should know.

Computer Activity 3: The Right Dose. Scroll down to "Picture Story 6 (a long way!) The Right Dose." Click on "View the picture story." Copy and paste into Microsoft Word. Write the story from the pictures, from memory if possible. Then add the 'moral' of the story, using should.

Classroom Activity 4: In the classroom talk about Colombia. An excellent resource for teachers is CIA Factbook and info about Colombia.Have the students imagine that they will take a trip. In groups, they discuss what part of Colombia they will explore, when they will go, how much it will cost them and what they will do.

Computer Activity 4: Students watch the Colombia videos (Colombia Part 1 - 1.7 MB, Colombia Part 2 - 1.7 MB) (like a travelrama). They listen and enjoy the experience. Then they choose a date to leave Phoenix and plan their trip to Colombia. They need to go to travel planner and answer questions like how many flights there are on a particular day, whether they have to change planes and how much it will cost for one person.

Classroom Activity 4A: Back in the classroom, students share the information they have gathered about their flights and then answer adverbs of frequency questions from the Colombia video like, "Do people usually dress up in Bogota?" What do people in Bogota usually wear?" Do people in Colombia often eat Tamales?" What do people in Colombia often eat?"

Classroom Activity 4: Talk about countries in the news that have problems with disease, famine or war. Students then write lists of countries they think they should avoid visiting at present due to these problems.

Computer Activity 5: Travel Advisories. Click on Travel Warnings. Find out which countries the U.S. State Department thinks we shouldn't visit. Do they match the countries we talked about in class?